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What is ADHD?

Updated: Jan 15, 2023


ADHD is a neurodevelopmental condition. It can influence how you organise yourself in daily life, how you manage emotions, how you interact with other people, and how you process information from the world around you. ADHD can cause difficulties at work, at home, or in social settings, depending on the demands in that environment and your coping strategies. Some people with ADHD put a lot of effort into hiding their difficulties from others and this can be exhausting and stressful.


You will find lots of information on the internet about the negatives associated with ADHD. We view ADHD as a difference that can pose challenges, but ADHD can also be associated with many strengths. ADHD is something that you are born with, but experts don’t yet understand its origins. It is likely that a combination of genetic and environmental factors leads to ADHD and there is not one same cause or pathway to ADHD for everyone. 3-4 people in every 100 have ADHD, which is likely to be an underestimation. There are three types of ADHD:


Predominantly Inattentive Presentation: Difficulty starting, organising or finishing tasks and paying attention to details. You may be easily distracted or forgetful in daily routines. You may often daydream and struggle with processing what people are saying to you, which makes it hard to follow instructions or conversations.

Predominantly Hyperactive-Impulsive Presentation: Fidgeting and talking a lot. It is hard to sit still for long. You might feel restless or agitated and have trouble with impulsivity. It is hard for the person to wait their turn or listen to directions. A person with impulsiveness may have more accidents and injuries than others. You might have difficulties getting to sleep or you might need less sleep.

Combined Presentation: Features of both.


What are the strengths associated with ADHD?

Everyone with ADHD is different and some of these may apply and others will not. Part of our work would be to explore these with you:

  • Curiosity about the world.

  • Engaged in the moment and spontaneous.

  • Energetic and able to motivate and inspire other people.

  • Creative problem-solving abilities, thinking outside of the box.

  • Sensitivity and highly attuned to the environment around you and the emotional atmosphere in the room.

  • Willing to take risks and push oneself.

  • Highly motivated, focused and determined when an interest or project inspires you.

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